Subject-verb agreement is a fundamental rule of grammar that states a singular subject requires a singular verb, while a plural subject requires a plural verb. This rule ensures that a sentence is grammatically correct and easy to understand. Here are some examples of subject-verb agreement to help you understand this rule better:
1. Singular subject and singular verb
Example: The girl walks to school every day.
In this sentence, the singular subject “girl” requires a singular verb “walks.”
2. Plural subject and plural verb
Example: The boys run every morning.
In this sentence, the plural subject “boys” requires a plural verb “run.”
3. Compound subject and plural verb
Example: The dog and the cat play in the garden.
In this sentence, the compound subject “dog and cat” requires a plural verb “play.”
4. Collective noun and singular or plural verb
Example: The team is practicing for the championship game.
In this sentence, the collective noun “team” can take a singular or plural verb, depending on the context. Here, it takes a singular verb “is” since the team is considered a single unit.
Example: The audience applauded the performers.
In this sentence, the collective noun “audience” takes a plural verb “applauded” since the audience comprises individuals.
5. Indefinite pronoun and singular or plural verb
Example: Each of the boys has his own room.
In this sentence, the indefinite pronoun “each” takes a singular verb “has” since it refers to each individual boy.
Example: Some of the students are absent today.
In this sentence, the indefinite pronoun “some” takes a plural verb “are” since it refers to multiple students.
In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is crucial to ensure proper comprehension and clarity in writing. By following this rule, you can avoid making grammatical errors and make your writing more effective.